The country has been advocating simplifying etiquette and less celebrations, but I have not avoided using this title here because it does make sense. This refers to the eve of the founding of New China and the 50th anniversary of the establishment of China's civil aviation industry. On September 15, 16 and 17 of 1999, the completion ceremony was held in Nanchang, Shanghai, Pudong and Beijing Capital Airport Terminal 2. Looking back on this rare experience, the glorious achievements are encouraging.

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Every year in the golden autumn, there are always many construction projects completed and put into production, only because the project construction plan is determined to celebrate the birthday of the Republic. In September 1999, the three most significant projects of civil aviation were completed: one is the place where the revolutionary old district and the people's army were born—Jiangsu Nanchang Changbei Airport (referred to as “Changbei Airport”), one is an international metropolis, reform and opening up. The frontier is Shanghai Pudong International Airport ("Pudong Airport"), and the first is the first country gate - Beijing Capital International Airport ("Capital Airport") Terminal 2. At that time, the Civil Aviation Administration of China and the provincial and municipal governments agreed to hold a completion ceremony from the south to the north to present a beautiful set of gifts for the 50th anniversary of the new China.

I remember that the Civil Aviation Administration of China was led by Director Liu Jianfeng at that time. Deputy Director Bao Peide, who was in charge of the capital construction, led the leaders of the Planning Department and the Airport Department to arrive in advance. As the director of the office, I am responsible for liaison and coordination throughout the process.

The first stop was from Beijing to Nanchang. On the morning of September 15, a completion ceremony was held at Changbei Airport.

Wu Guanzheng, then member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, Mao Zhiyong, vice chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and Chen Guangyi, director of the NPC Financial and Economic Committee, sent congratulatory messages or congratulations. The whole ceremony was carried out as usual, and the leaders of the Jiangxi Provincial Party Committee, Shu Huiguo and Liu Jianfeng, attended the meeting. After a brief speech by the leaders of the provincial government and the Civil Aviation Administration, representatives of the construction unit spoke, and Deputy Director Bao Peide issued the airport use permit. The final link was the leadership ribbon-cutting. The scale of the whole event is small, but it is very enthusiastic. After the ceremony, we immediately boarded the plane and rushed to Shanghai. This is the first flight after the completion of the new airport. Since then, the provincial capital of Jiangxi has bid farewell to the 41-year-old Nanchang Xiangtang Military-Military Airport. In 2008, Nanchang Changbei Airport completed passenger throughput of 3.33 million person-times, which was 4.25 times that of 2000, with an average annual growth rate of 19.8%.

Nanchang Changbei Airport is one of the new provincial capital airports in the country. In the early stage of development of civil aviation in China, such airports are generally small in scale and relatively close to the city, and most of them are used by military and civilians. With the rapid development of air transportation, the original airport is increasingly unable to meet the needs, and planning and site selection. Before the completion of the Nanchang New Airport, from March 28, 1989 to March 28, 1999, there were successive Shenyang, Changsha, Chongqing, Xining, Xi'an, Jinan, Wuhan, Shijiazhuang, Guiyang, Fuzhou, Nanjing, Zhengzhou, The relocation of 14 provincial capitals, capitals and municipalities in Yinchuan and Haikou was completed. After the Nanchang and Pudong airports, Hangzhou, Guangzhou and Changchun new airports were built. At present, the new airport in Kunming and Hefei is under construction. A total of 21 cities have built new airports, and the remaining 10 provincial capital cities have also been expanded and rebuilt at the original site. Many of the newly built airports in the early years have been expanded.

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After arriving at Shanghai at noon on September 15, 1999, in the afternoon, I followed the relevant comrades of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government Office to check the completion ceremony and agree on the arrangement of the conference. The whole event was conducted by Comrade Huang Yuejin, Secretary General of the Shanghai Municipal Government (currently Deputy Director of the Central United Front Work Department and Party Secretary of the Soong Ching Ling Foundation). On the morning of September 16, the completion ceremony was held as scheduled. First, Huang Ju, who was then a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Party Committee, met with the model figures of the airport construction and took photos, and then gave a speech and then issued a certificate. The difference is that the construction of nine construction workers who participated in the construction of the airport has been freshly remembered.

The completion of Pudong Airport reminds me of the Pudong New Area Master Planning Experts' Meeting, which was held in Shanghai on July 7, 1992. At that time, the central government just decided to develop the Pudong New Area. Pudong is still a large farmland. The airport is selected in the deserted beach of the Yangtze River estuary. Zhou Ganqi, then deputy director of the Ministry of Construction, and senior architects of architecture planning, Lan Zhenying, professor of Lanzhou University, and Wu Liangwei, a professor at Tsinghua University, attended the expert council and put forward very pertinent opinions. A consensus among everyone is that Pudong is a blank piece of paper, and it is necessary to draw the most beautiful picture. I was the deputy director of the Planning Department of the Civil Aviation Administration. I took the opinions of the Bureau and expressed support for the construction of Pudong International Airport. It is recommended to pay attention to the investigation of the geological and meteorological conditions of the selected site. With the construction of Lujiazui Business Center District and Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Pudong International Airport successfully completed the preliminary work of project establishment and design. It was started on October 15, 1997. General Secretary Jiang Zemin and Vice Premier Wu Bangguo attended the groundbreaking ceremony. Since a lot of basic preparation work has been done first, it took only one year and 11 months to complete the acceptance. The construction of Shanghai Pudong New Area is a miracle. The construction of Pudong Airport from quality to speed is also a successful example.

The first phase of Shanghai Pudong International Airport has a runway and a 277,000-square-meter terminal. In 2005, a runway and corresponding facilities were built. In 2007, the second phase of the Pudong Airport project was completed, and a new runway was added. The terminal building of the second terminal was 540,000 square meters, and the carrying capacity was greatly improved. In 2008, Pudong Airport completed a passenger throughput of 28.24 million passengers and a cargo and mail throughput of 2.6 million tons, 5.1 times and 9.8 times in 2000, an average annual increase of 22.6% and 32.9%. Pudong Airport's cargo throughput ranked fourth in the world last year.

Shanghai Civil Aviation used Longhua Airport earlier. In 1963, in order to open air to China and Pakistan, Premier Zhou Enlai personally selected to expand the Hongqiao military airport into a civilian international airport in Shanghai. It was completed and aired in April 1964. In 1966, domestic flights were also moved from Longhua to Hongqiao, and the passenger throughput was only 32,000. After several expansions, Hongqiao Airport currently has a runway with an area of ​​82,000 square meters. In 2008, the passenger throughput was 22.88 million passengers, which was in an overloaded state. The expansion of the Hongqiao Airport West District is intensifying. A new runway and a 346,000-square-meter terminal will be added and put into operation before the World Expo next year.

In 2008, the passenger throughput of Shanghai Pudong and Hongqiao airports was 51.11 million passengers, and the cargo and mail throughput was 3.02 million tons. The two airports have a total of 4 runways and a terminal building of 899,000 square meters. After the completion of the Hongqiao West District, there will be five runways in the two venues, and the terminal building will be approximately 1.25 million square meters. In order to adapt to the requirements of building an international shipping center and speed up the construction of the Shanghai aviation hub, it is urgent to consider the rational positioning of the functions of the two airports. Next year, the rail transit (metro) connecting the two will be completed, and the Pudong Airport to the urban area should also have a dedicated road for automobile traffic. Airspace constraints should also be resolved early.

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After attending the completion ceremony of Pudong Airport on the morning of September 16, 1999, we directly boarded the flight from Shanghai to Beijing. On the plane, Director Liu Jianfeng immediately rushed to Zhongnanhai to participate in the study and arranged for General Secretary Jiang Zemin's visit to the returning country plane to visit the Capital Airport expansion project. General Secretary Jiang’s visit to Thailand, Australia and New Zealand was confirmed before the trip. After the landing of the special plane at 18 o'clock on the same day, General Secretary Jiang began to inspect under the leadership of Vice Premier Wu Bangguo and the leaders of Beijing Municipality and Civil Aviation Administration. He affirmed the construction of the project and requested that the new terminal area be managed and operated with a focus on facilitating passengers. Good service.

The completion ceremony of the Capital Airport Terminal 2 was initiated by the Civil Aviation Administration and hosted by the Capital Airport. In order to prepare for the work, my comrades in the office and I stayed at the airport on the same day. On the morning of September 17, the completion ceremony was held in the central hall of the terminal building, short and solemn. Wu Bangguo, then member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and vice premier of the State Council, member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, Beijing Municipal Party Committee Secretary Jia Qinglin, Beijing Mayor Liu Qi, Civil Aviation Administration Director Liu Jianfeng, and NPC Financial and Economic Committee Director Chen Guangyi attended the meeting, and the Civil Aviation Administration and the Capital Airport. Old comrades participated in more. Three days later, the new airport area of ​​the Capital Airport began trial operation and was officially opened on November 1.

Beijing Capital International Airport is the country's largest aviation gateway and the largest aviation hub in the country. Looking back, the Capital Airport has also changed many times. Shortly after the founding of New China, the capital Beijing opened its route in August 1950, using Xijiao Airport. The capital airport was opened in 1955 and was put into use in 1958. It has an east runway and a terminal building of more than 10,000 square meters. In July 1978, the Capital Airport West Runway was completed and put into use. On January 1, 1980, the main building of the new terminal building and the two satellite halls of the East and West were officially put into use. The terminal building was expanded before the 1990 Asian Games.

By the end of the 1980s, the facilities of the Capital Airport terminal area had not adapted to the demand for increased traffic volume and began to consider expansion. Due to the use of Japanese government soft loans, the demonstration and approval time was long, and the Capital Airport expansion project started construction on October 26, 1995. The general commander of the expansion project at that time was Comrade Kong Dong (currently the general manager of AVIC Group). Premier Li Peng and Vice Premier Wu Bangguo attended the groundbreaking ceremony. It was completed and put into use after 4 years.

In the 21st century, the development speed of China's civil aviation has accelerated. Especially after the successful bid for the Olympic Games, the state has begun to plan for the expansion of the Capital Airport. On August 8, 2003, after Premier Wen Jiabao visited the Capital Airport, he quickly approved the expansion project with the T3 terminal and the third runway as the main body. The project started in March 2004 and was completed and put into use in February 2008, alleviating the tension in the operation of the airport. On June 25, 2008, General Secretary Hu Jintao visited the Capital Airport to inspect and made important instructions on building the image of the first country and ensuring safety and service quality. The expansion of the Capital Airport has played a huge role as a guarantee for the Olympic Games.

Large airports are generally planned and phased. The construction of the terminal area is required to meet the development requirements of 8-10 years, and the terminal capacity of 1 million passengers corresponds to about 10,000 square meters. After several expansions, the Capital Airport now has three runways, and the terminal is actually a "fourth family." The earliest terminal buildings have basically been retired to the second line, most of which have been changed to Air China office, and only the west side auxiliary building continues to be used for official travel services. Now, No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3 are operating at the same time. The earliest terminal building was operated from 1958 to 1979. It lasted for 21 years and the passenger throughput increased from less than 20,000 to 530,000. The current T1 is about 80,000 square meters. It was put into use in 1980. By the time T2 was put into production in 1999, it lasted for 19 years. The terminal passenger throughput was 18.19 million passengers, which was a serious overload operation. From 1999 to 2008, the production was started on the 3rd, with an interval of less than 9 years. The passenger throughput has reached 55.94 million. The total area of ​​the No. 1 and No. 2 terminals is 415,000 square meters, which is also super-saturated. The current three terminals have a total of 1.32 million square meters, which can fully meet the terminal requirements. However, the flight zone capacity is close to saturation, and it may be appropriate to start the fourth runway construction as soon as possible to solve the airspace bottleneck restriction. The massive expansion of the Capital Airport has been a microcosm of the rapid development of China's civil aviation industry.

The author is the Party Secretary of China Eastern Airlines Group

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